TENNESSEE WILLIAMS (playwright) was born Thomas Lanier Williams III in Columbus, Mississippi in 1911 and was raised in Saint Louis. The Glass Menagerie, which transferred from Chicago to Broadway in 1945, was his first successful play, catapulting him into fifteen years of massive commercial and critical success. Three years after Menagerie, Williams was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for A Streetcar Named Desire. He won his second Pulitzer for Cat on a Hot Tin Roof in 1955. In the 1960s, Williams' work fell out of favor with the press and he struggled with drug abuse and alcoholism--especially after his longtime partner, Frank Merlo, died of cancer. He continued to write, though largely out of the public eye, until his death in 1983. The Glass Menagerie is widely considered to be an autobiographical play.